Muslim Prayer Times: Симферополь Махачкала Ростов Ставрополь Санкт-Петербург Пермь Астана Москва Новосибирск Алмата Альметьевск Грозный Нижний Новгород Красноярск Нальчик Каспийск Астрахань Екатеринбург Волгоград Саратов Дербент Челябинск Ингушетия Набережные Челны Сургут Ростов-на-Дону Самара
As-salat.info - Pray Times provides a set of handy functions to calculate prayer times for Oldham, Greater Manchester, North West England, England, United Kingdom and any location around the world, based on a variety of calculation methods currently used in Muslim communities.
There are two main opinions on how to calculate Asr time. The majority of schools (including Shafi'i, Maliki, Ja'fari, and Hanbali) say it is at the time when the length of any object's shadow equals the length of the object itself plus the length of that object's shadow at noon. The dominant opinion in the Hanafi school says that Asr begins when the length of any object's shadow is twice the length of the object plus the length of that object's shadow at noon.
Daylight Saving Time: 1 if date is in daylight saving time, 0 otherwise. If omitted or set to 'auto', dst is extracted from the system.
In locations at higher latitude, twilight may persist throughout the night during some months of the year. In these abnormal periods, the determination of Fajr and Isha is not possible using the usual formulas. To overcome this problem, several solutions have been proposed, three of which are described below.
Middle of the Night
In this method, the period from sunset to sunrise is divided into two halves. The first half is considered to be the "night" and the other half as "day break". Fajr and Isha in this method are assumed to be at mid-night during the abnormal periods.
One-Seventh of the Night
In this method, the period between sunset and sunrise is divided into seven parts. Isha begins after the first one-seventh part, and Fajr is at the beginning of the seventh part.
This is an intermediate solution, used by some recent prayer time calculators. Let α be the twilight angle for Isha, and let t = α/60. The period between sunset and sunrise is divided into t parts. Isha begins after the first part. For example, if the twilight angle for Isha is 15, then Isha begins at the end of the first quarter (15/60) of the night. Time for Fajr is calculated similarly.
There are different conventions for calculating prayer times. The following table lists several well-known conventions currently in use in various regions:
|The Religios Board of Muslims||Russian, CIS|
|Muslim World League||Europe, Far East, parts of US|
|Islamic Society of North America||North America (US and Canada)|
|Egyptian General Authority of Survey||Africa, Syria, Lebanon, Malaysia|
|Umm al-Qura University, Makkah||Arabian Peninsula|
|University of Islamic Sciences, Karachi||Pakistan, Afganistan, Bangladesh, India|
|Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran||Iran, Some Shia communities|
|Shia Ithna Ashari, Leva Research Institute, Qum||Some Shia communities worldwide|